Per the McKinney-Vento Act Homeless Assistance Act (Section 725), homelessness is defined as a student between the ages of 0 and 22*, who lacks a fixed, regular, and adequate nightime residence, and includes:
- has a primary nighttime residence that is a shelter designated to provide temporary living accommodations such as shelters, and transitional housing.
- lives in a car, park, abandoned building, public or private place not designed for, or ordinarily used as a regular sleeping accommodation for human beings.
- lives temporarily in a trailer park or camping area due to the lack of adequate living accommodations.
- lives "doubled-up" with another family, due to loss of housing, stemming from financial problems.
- is abandoned at a hospital.
- resides in a home for school-aged, unwed mother or mother-to-be, if there are no other available living accommodations.
- is awaiting foster care in limited circumstances but does not include placement in a foster family, foster family agency, or group home.
- is placed by the state in an emergency shelter due to the lack of alternative housing.
- is an abandoned, runaway, or pushed out youth, or migratory child, living in any of the circumstances described above.
*Extended beyond compulsory attendance age to address the needs of preschool, early Head Start, and student with special education needs.